2nd Freedmen’s Bureau Bill

The Freedmen’s Bureau bill that passed in 1866 provided many additional rights to ex-slaves, including the distribution of land, schools for their children, and military courts to ensure these rights. The Freedmen’s Bureau Act gave ex-slaves “any of the civil rights or immunities belonging to white persons, including the right to…..inherit, purchase, lease, sell, hold and convey real and personal property, and to have full and equal benefit of all laws and proceedings for the security of person and estate, including the constitutional right of bearing arms.”

This bill passed both House and Senate and they overrode President Johnson’s veto. This was in response to the Southern Black Codes & the KKK and other groups who were taking guns away from freedmen.